Dr. Gilbert Levin Says Viking Found Life on Mars
Monday, I spoke with Dr. Gilbert Levin who designed the Viking laboratories tests for life on Mars. He stated, "Mars has life and for some reason JPL seems to have a closed mind on the subject." Why is the NASA scientific community blatantly ignoring the crucial scientific data to support Mars life? It may be the result of a Brookings Institute report that the discovery of intelligent life could cause a world wide crisis.
In 1997, Biospherics' President and CEO, Dr. Gilbert V. Levin, announced his new conclusion that his 1976 Viking Labeled Release (LR) life detection experiment found living microorganisms in the soil of Mars. Objective application of the scientific process to 21 years of continued research and to new developments on Mars and Earth forced this conclusion. Of all the many hypotheses offered over the years to explain the LR Mars results, the only possibility fitting all the relevant data is that microbial life exists in the top layer of the Martian surface.
Dr. Levin was hired by NASA to develop a laboratory to prove that life exists. He designed experiments that tested the soil of Mars nine times at two different landing sites under different temperature regimes and environmental conditions. All his data point to microbes metabolizing a nutrient solution and giving off an indicative radioactive CO2 gas. The tests conducted on Mars were positive indicating life, but were not accepted. Dr Levin states, "We have waited ten years for all of the theories, experiments and results produced by the many scientists investigating our experiment to be reviewed before voicing a committed conclusion of our own. After examining these efforts in great detail, and after years of laboratory work trying to duplicate our Mars data by non-biological means, we find that the preponderance of scientific analysis makes it more probable than not that living organisms were detected in the LR experiment on Mars.
This is not presented as an opinion, but as a position dictated by the objective evaluation of all relevant scientific data. In conclusion, then, we submit that this real possibility for Martian biology should be an important--even dominant--consideration in the future exploration of Mars. This clearly is not the case at the present time, according to published NASA plans for continuing the unmanned exploration of Mars which neglect the biology issue. The search for life on Mars, when evidence for its possible existence offers such important potential, should have much greater significance for the planning of such missions." Thanks to Dr. Gilbert Levin.
This is the famous ALH meteroite from Mars that first was claimed to show life on Mars. ***image12:***
Was Earth a Colony of Mars?
The evidence for life on Mars is accumulating each day and indicates its civilization is much older than ours. My analysis was based on twenty years experience as a flier, an intelligence officer and as a photo interpreter. Additionally, I have input from an experienced group of researchers and professional photographers and scientists. When photographic evidence suggested we had found potential Air Force targets, I would launch aircraft to obtain higher quality images. "I wish I could launch missions on interesting targets on Mars for high resolution images!" We thank JPL for making the evidence available from satellite, rover, and microscopic images that to us indicates life exists on the planet Mars. Unfortunately, due to the limitations on our web site and in sending data, I can not provide our readers with the same quality of images we are using for analysis.
We encourage you to visit the JPL web site at http://marsrovers.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/all/ and check out the artifacts for yourself. The Spirit Rover landed in the Gusev crater and in our opinion struck an ancient city or temple site on Mars that we have nicknamed "Gavesak" based on some of the letters or symbols we have found. The area is covered with millions of rocks laying in the soil that were once part of this city that included stone carvings, symbols and sculpted faces. Although it is difficult to determine a date this happened based on the slim evidence, all indications are that the blast occurred thousands, if not millions of years ago. The main Gusev crater is estimated to be almost four billion years old when reptiles were beginning on Earth. We just located a #3 and #4 some other writing on two center rocks. I, also, located a Sv mark on a large rock taken from the Mars Pathfinder landing site showing the sojourner rover in 1997.
I also just located an A and a V on different rocks, also the number 17on a rock, although this may represent a symbol LI upside down. http://marsrovers.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/all/
Our experts in various life sciences are finding strong evidence of life. Below are some of our findings. Evidence of vegetation including trees, water, lichen and fossils indicating marine life and cynobacteria is evident. Since there are no means for testing for life on the rovers, photo interpretation becomes paramount. Many microscopic images from Opportunity Rover appear as bioenous sediments that argeological terms as "foraminiferal ooze" that are essentially marine sediments from the bottom of large bodies of water. http://marsrovers.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/all
Did Noah Come From Mars?
We can speculate that Mars gained intelligent life far in advance of Earth. A sophisticated society was formed not unlike Earth today, but a terrible disaster apparently occurred. Asteroids with the force of many nuclear weapons apparently exploded destroying many areas of the planet. The remaining inhabitants probably chose several courses of action. Many went underground to live, some may have built space ships and headed for Earth.
The story of Noah and the carrying of animals may have been an allegory of a space ship bringing animals here.
Note: Humanoid anomaly at top left. Image was found by Norman Breyden.
We have located an image of a humanoid being were calling Noah that is next to a large crater. At his feet there is an apparent line of writing to the right of the prominent crater. This image indicates the intelligence had built a message for posterity. We are attempting to decipher.
Unfortunately, our consultant in ancient languages Mario Pazzaglini, Ph.D. University of Delaware has passed away.
Life is likely to follow a pattern of migration through the galaxy. K. E. Tsilkovsky said that colonization and not evolution, may be the major factor in the spread of life in the universe." The gravity on Mars is much less than Earth's and interplanetary flight distorting the gravitational field would have been much easier for them. If intelligent life forms migrate to new worlds, such as traveling the 140 million miles from Mars, it would be logical to take seeds, plants and animals to start basic agriculture. On Earth many basic foodstuffs, grains and some domestic cattle have no traceable wild ancestry. Such ancestry may have been brought to Earth from Mars. The beginning of Earths agriculture occurred about ten thousand years ago in what now is northern Iraq when wheat was first cultivated in the Neolithic Revolution. There are many symbols on Mars of life forms. Many can be seen on my website.
More Mars Symbols Found by Expert in Israel
Daniel L. Levy writes, "The magnificent color picture you sent me was unfortunately too small for the "E" to be clearly visible. I did, however, finally find 13 views of your boulder (with these stunning hills behind it!) that were taken by Spirit's pancam on Sol 44. While searching, I found a similar rock, that not only has an "E", but also a stylized Hebraic "Shin", the power symbol of, well, Adonai-Zebaot Himself!. http://marsrovers.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/all/
2/n/051/2N130887058EFF10AGP1868L0M1.JPG, taken by the navcam on sol 51: However, in the next picture, taken by the navcam's right "eye", only the Shin remains somewhat visible. These photos, apart from their stark beauty, do not, in my opinion, enable a clear-cut conclusion as to whether these boulders have been carved with letters, or if they just exhibit random natural shapes.
On Spirit sol 65, I found an artifact which cannot by any means be explained away as a random basalt feature. This is a jaw-dropping, unarguably nonrandom shape! Please, also, take a look at the microscopic camera views that were made of this intriguing, artificial-looking object. I have a degree in Agriculture, and I'm trained as a field zoologist and as a microbiologist, and my weapon of choice is the microscope. I, also, took some Geology in my time, and my father and I+ used to be keen rock hunters. Keep up the good work! Thanks to Daniel L. Levy.
Mars Catch Basins and Dams and Mars
Inspection Engineer John E. Combest writes, "My transmittal of the annotated photos covering the Mars photo of a Lake-with-artificial-Dam was delayed because its original size - transmittal of the 7.64MB photos was too large to be permitted by my internet provider. Therefore - lacking any software by which I could reduce the pixel count - I resorted to "print screen" tactics to reproduce the document so that it now consists of two photos with a total size of about 1.4 MB. Photo #1 includes what appears to be a dry lake bed with an artificial dam, and several smaller catch basins with the same type dam constructed to catch runoff from an area of deep ravines. The previous sent photos of the Square Building and other structures at coordinates 42S-158W is about 300 miles from this Lake scene at coordinates 39S -166W. If both photos had the same resolution, then it may be that the main Lake Dam may be several hundred of feet in length with a height of perhaps 40 feet. http://space.com/scienceastronomy/mars_earth_040311.html
Editors Note - To send high resolution photos by email is difficult or even to put them in full resolution on my web site is very expensive. However, these photos infer intelligent life on Mars has been building dams and attempting to preserve and transport water.
Dr. Annamarie Johnestone writes, "Conclusions from an experiment on the Mars Viking Landau Mission, as well as additional experiments in similar earth environments since1976, offer proof that "blueberries" photographed by Mars Opportunity Rover are lichens (a fungal sheath enveloping cyanobacteria or primitive algae). In Antarctica, endolithic (living in rock) bacteria, algae, lichens and fungi have been found alive inside of rock surfaces, to a depth of 1.5 cm. Like organisms have been photographed by the Opportunity Rover, in particular, "Blueberries" (lichens), in and on the Mars rocks.
Lichens are known to photosynthesize and grow in water vapor, as a sole source of water. Using infra red instruments, Anderson and Tice (1979) describe a hydrosphere at the Viking Lander site that they believe could support endolithic growth. Water vapor measured 50 precipitable microns at the surface of Mars. As well, lichens have all the characteristics necessary to live in the harsh Martian environment above the rock surface. In extreme temperatures of hot or cold, with only absorbed water vapor, lichens can withstand desiccation from wind and ultra violet radiation. Color photos from Viking Lander, displaying yellow and green patches that change color patterns with time, were observed to be similar to lichens on rocks, according to Levin and Straat (1988). e photos were computer analyzed for verification.
In my opinion, it is very unlikely, that inorganic substances would display like cyclic change. A changing pattern indicates living organisms. I observed that "blueberries" present in many Mars Rover photos were elevated above the rock surfaces. Some lichen species attach to rocks with a tube-like structure that absorbs and transports inorganic nutrients from the rock to the lichen's interior, algal-like, microbe component. Fungal acid excreted through the tube disintegrates the rock to facilitate the absorption process. Elevation of the exposed "blueberries" indicates an organic structure rather than an inorganic substance. Meteorites from Mars, analyzed by JPL and NASA, contained organic compounds (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) and fossilized primitive cells, according to Hartsfield and Salsbury (1996). Organic compounds are products of oxygen photosynthesizing bacteria and plants. Regrettably, the Mars Rover is not equipt to analyze organic substances. On earth, lichens are an indicator of clean air, as they flourish in an unpolluted atmosphere and diminish or disappear in polluted industrial areas. If there is a significant, living population of lichens on Mars, as displayed in large changing color patches, it would indicate that the atmosphere on Mars is not polluted.
Observing the sky with the green filter of its panoramic camera, the Mars Exploration Rover Spirit came across a surprise: a streak across the sky. The streak, seen in the middle of this mosaic of images taken by the navigation and panoramic cameras, was probably the brightest object in the sky at the time. Scientists theorize that the mystery line could be either a meteorite or one of seven out-of-commission spacecraft still orbiting Mars. Because the object appeared to move 4 degrees of an arc in 15 seconds it is probably not the Russian probes Mars 2, Mars 3, Mars 5, or Phobos 2; or the American probes Mariner 9 or Viking 1. That leaves Viking 2, which has a polar orbit that would fit with the north-south orientation of the streak. In addition, only Viking 1 and 2 were left in orbits that could produce motion as fast as that seen by Spirit. Said Mark Lemmon, a rover team member from Texas A&M University, Texas, "Is this the first image of a meteor on Mars, or an image of a spacecraft sent from another world during the dawn of our robotic space exploration program? We may never know, but we are still looking for clues." picture http://marsrovers.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/press/spirit/20040311a/12-ml-03-strea k-A067R1.jpg
Object appears to change shape at bottom right time image. This does not seem to be caused by camera angle. Thanks to Norman Breyden
ROVER FINDS EVIDENCE OF WATER
One of NASA's robotic rovers has found evidence that parts of Mars was once soaked with enough water to sustain life", scientists said Tuesday, March 2, 2004. "'Opportunity has landed in an area of Mars where water once drenched the surface," said Ed Weiler, a NASA space science administrator.
Meteorite Yields Evidence Bacteria on Mars
News Release NASA: 96-160, August 1996 James Hartfield (Johnson Space Center) David Salsbury (Stanford University) Excerpt:: The NASA-funded team found the first organic molecules thought to be of Martian origin: several mineral features characteristic of biologic activity; and possible microscopic fossils of primitive, bacteria-like organisms, inside of a Mars rock that fell to earth as a meteorite. The journal Science, reports the compounds they elicited from the meteorites found in Antarctica, were directly associated with fossil-like structures and carbonate globules in the rocks.
Life Once Existed On Mars
Journal of Microscopy claims Australian scientists believe they have found evidence that life once existed on Mars. They have found that microscopic fossils of primitive bacteria-like organisms in a Mars meteorite match characteristics of bacteria found in mud in Queensland. Dr. Taylor says he has found enough evidence of life on Mars to warrant a manned mission to the red planet, and that more samples must be collected from Mars for further investigation.. http://www.abc.net.au/news/newsitems/s1033640.htm
Rover Takes Images of UFO's
Robert Roy Britt reports that on March 11, 2004, the Spirit rover took the first picture of Earth ever made from the surface of another planet. It, also, spotted what could be a Viking Orbiter spacecraft or a meteor -- scientists aren't sure which. The photo of Earth shows the planet as a bright dot above the horizon. Another sky photo from Spirit shows a thin and short streak of light. "That streak could have been a meteor," Lemmon said. Or it could have been the Viking Orbiter 2, still circling Mars long after its 1970s mission ended. Lemmon said the other nine spacecraft currently orbiting Mars -- three of which are presently in working order -- have known positions and did not create the streak.
Editors Note: It could, also, have been one of the UFOs that are periodically imaged by Mars satellites.